Wednesday, 18 May 2022


The cities are broadly differentiated by the geographical condition makeup of population an each city are unique from the other. We can classify the cities on the basis of some fundamental features shared by all cities. Thus, the city of one class also has numerous diverse features as well. On the basis of broad common feature on the basis we can classify them into following types.

  1. Production centres: 

Generally, more important city of the world is industrial town. Consequent upon industrial revolution the urban population all over the world has increased considerably. In India the majority of cities having population of one lakh or more are industrial term. According to the kind of population the population can be classified into two categories.

  1. Primary production centre

In this places material or industrial user are produce for example, mimic centres where oil, coal, iron etc. are production centre. Though population of such places is usually not very large but by elaborate transport system this centre is connected with other places among such towns in India are Nellore, Masulipatnam, Ranchi, Guwahati, Mysore, Kolar etc.

  1. Secondary Production centre

In this centre the raw material obtain form primary production centre are used for manufacturing a variety of goods. As such places population is large and keeps growing. For example, Firozabad is famous for glass bangles, Kanpur for leather goods, Moradabad for brush wash etc. in some cities one types of primary and in some others numerous things are produced.

  1. Centre of trade and commercial: 

Generally, the cities are production centres of trade and commerce but in some cities trade and commerce is the dominant feature and production in secondary. For example- though Mumbai is a major production centre it is a far bigger centre of trade and commerce generally the cities situated on the sea coast and those which are ports are centres of trade and commerce.

For example –Cochin, Tuticorin etc. indeed there are many innate town which are consider as centres of trade and commerce.

  1. Capitals and administrative centres: 

All city which have happen to be capitals of state have shot into prominent there important is not due to their industry or business but due to there being to the capital indeed. Once the places are made the capital business and industry automatically grows there. Before the process of industrialisation and globalisation, the capital cities were the most important cities of the world.For example, Lucknow, Bhubaneshwar, Jaipur, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai etc.

  1. Health and recreation centres: 

Many towns have very health climate owing to their particular geographic location and climatic condition. Therefore, people from plains gather in great numbers to such town. In order to attract more tourists to such places, municipal and state authorities do everything possible to beautify such places and make available amenities. The livelihood of the people of these places greatly depends upon tourism.

  1. Religious and Cultural centres: 

In India where, religious sentiments dominants many towns have become famous and developed into big cities on account of their religious values and important. For example, Amritsar, Ajmer, Rameswaram etc. Apart from the religious significance there are many cities which are important for the historical sites and monuments like Agra, Chittorgarh, Nalanda and Taxila etc.

  1. Diversified cities: 

Besides the cities which fit into one or the other of the above mention categories, there are some town which fit into none of the category. They may be holy but it is not the fundamental reason for their eminence is not holiness. They may also be the capital cities but their fundamental reason for growth may be other factors. Thus, it will not be correct to put them into some specific category. Such towns and cities are accordingly referred to as diversified towns. For examples, Varanasi.

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